Linda S. Gottfredson

Linda S. Gottfredson is Professor Emerita of education at the University of Delaware. She is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Association for Psychological Science (APS), and the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP). She is a past president of the International Society for Intelligence Research (ISIR). Dr. Gottfredson has published over 110 scientific works and made over 140 national/international presentations. Most have explored how differences in people’s vocational interests, mental abilities, and other personal traits and circumstances affect their choices and life chances in today’s ever-more-complex world. Her theory of Circumscription and Compromise describes how, beginning in early childhood, youngsters narrow their occupational aspirations to fit their developing sense of which occupations are socially appropriate for them. The theory also suggests strategies by which vocational guidance programs can optimize early career development: for instance, by helping students identify and reconsider occupations they may have unthinking rejected, and by helping young adults pursue more realistic career choices while at the same time increasing their options and odds of success.

Jim Sampson

Jim Sampson is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Educational Psychology and Learning Systems and a Senior Research Associate at the Center for the Study of Technology in Counseling and Career Development at Florida State University. He writes and speaks on the appropriate use of computer technology in counseling, on the use of cognitive strategies in the design and delivery of career interventions, and on the integration of theory, research, and practice. In addition to the United States, he has presented or consulted in Austria, Australia, Canada, China, Costa Rica, Denmark, England, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Portugal, Romania, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Sweden, and Turkey. He is currently a Visiting Professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Jyväskylä in Finland and a Visiting Professor of Career Development and Management at the Centre for Guidance Studies at the University of Derby in England. He is also an Overseas Fellow of the National Institute for Careers Education and Counselling in Cambridge England, and a Visiting Fellow at the Institute for Adult Learning of the Singapore Workforce Development Agency. Prior to joining the faculty at Florida State University in 1982, he was a Senior Counselor at the Student Counseling and Career Planning Center, Georgia Institute of Technology.